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Harvey, M. L., The Development of Russian Commerce on the Black Sea and Its Significance, London, 1931

Trabzon  Theodosia  Taganrog  Sevastopol  Rostov on Don  Odessa  Nikolayev  Mariupol  Kerch  Istanbul/Constantinople  Galatz  Evpatoria  Berdyansk  
Shipping  Marine Environment - Harbour Systems  Economy and Infrastructure  Black Sea Connections  
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This is a valuable unpublished ph.D thesis which analyzes in great detail the development of Black sea grain trade in the 19th century based on official statistical series of the Russian Empire. The port cities, their foundation and evolution over time forms the basis of the analysis of the rise of the Black sea region in the international grain trade and the role of this process to the economic development. The development of the Black sea region is linked to the expansion of the productive hinterland, the expansion of sea and land transportation networks and the diffusion of the technology of steam. /Η διδακτορική διατριβή αναφερει την ανάπτυξη του ρωσικού εμπορίου στη Μαύρη θάλασσα και τις επιπτώσεις του στην οικονομία της εποχής.

Zipperstein, Steven, The Jews of Odessa. A Cultural History, 1794-1881, Stanford University Press, California 1986 

Culture and Communities  Black Sea Connections  
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Η Οδησσός ιδρύθηκε το 1794 ως μια συνοριακή πόλη της Μαύρης θάλασσας για να μετατραπεί σύντομα σε ένα από τα πιο πολυσύχναστα λιμάνια της Ρωσίας. Έποικοι όλων των εθνικοτήτων αναζήτησαν την τύχη τους στην Οδησσό, μεταξύ των οποίων και Εβραίοι που προήλθαν από μια από τις πιο εύρωστες, πολυπληθέστερες και πολιτισμικά γόνιμες εβραϊκές κοινότητες της Ευρώπης. Η ιστορία της εβραϊκής Οδησσού εντοπίζει την άνοδο αυτή της κοινότητας από την ίδρυση της το 1794 έως τα πογκρόμ του 1881 που ξέσπασαν μετά τη δολοφονία του Αλέξανδρου ΙΙ. /Founded in 1794 as a frontier city on the Black Sea, Odessa soon grew to be one of Russia's busiest seaports. Settlers of all nationalities went there to seek their fortune, among them Jews who came to form one of the largest, wealthiest, and most culturally fertile Jewish communities in Europe. This history of Jewish Odessa traces the rise of that community from its foundation in 1794 to the pogroms of 1881 that erupted after the assassination of Alexander II. More a modern metropolis than any other Russian city with a significant Jewish population, Odessa offers a window into the diversity of Russian Jewish experience

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